Types of Plumbing Fittings
Plumbing fittings are offered in different shapes and sizes. Each type is used for a specific purpose. The most commonly used ones however are elbows or also called joints. However, tee and cross fittings are quite a trend these days. Majority of plumbing fitting are intended to change the direction of the water flow or in some instances, stop it for good.
As for elbow joints, these are actually a type of plumbing fitting which is intended to change water flow direction to either a 45-degree or 90-degree angle. They are usually seen in sinks and all sorts of fixtures wherein which the drain is used to provide better speed regulation, which in turn the water will exit the fixture and then go to the septic system.
The types of elbow ends include those that are butt welded, threaded, or socketed. Meanwhile, there’s also a street elbow which is actually more of a variation or tweak of this type of fitting. It is mainly used for male to female threads.
Next you have the tee joint. This time, it’s a type of plumbing fitting which is mainly used for combining or dividing the flow of water. In this type, both ends of the fitting are in the same size. But then again, there are newer varieties too that have different inlet as well as outlet sizes. This variety is often referred to as a reducer joint. Tee joints are actually also used in computer components, although they’re not designed for it.
Meanwhile, the next type of plumbing fitting are cross joints. By description, cross joints have three inlet valves in them as well as one outlet valve. It can also go vice versa. They are primarily used for sprinkler systems. One thing about cross joints is that they aren’t really included in the plumbing system since they’re very expensive compared to using multiple tee joints.
But remember, not all plumbing fittings are joints. There are those like caps and plugs that are designed to be used for closing off the end of pipes. These two are almost similar but the main difference is the fact that each fitting may actually be designed distinctively. Caps will fit over the ends of the pipe, which then is usually threaded so they easily screw in. Plugs on the other hand fit into the end of the pipe. Both are gas and water tight though.
Finally, there’s the “cleanouts.” They are also characterized as plumbing fitting intended to be used for temporary purpose. They will be installed in an accessible area in order to allow the pipe snake or auger to be conveniently inserted for cleaning clogged areas in the pipes. When the pipes are cleaned, they are removed, hence the term temporary.
Plumbing fittings can be made from all sorts of materials. The most though are plastic and metal, specifically PVC or polyvinyl chloride. They can be bought in home improvement, plumbing, and supply stores and they can be put together using specialized adhesive and glue.
Winterizing Tips For Your Plumbing at Home
When the cold winter months arrive, there’s no stopping the snow, winds, and very unpleasant temperature. Generally, the winter season wreaks havoc on everyone’s home, including the plumbing system. In fact, the plumbing system together with the roof is the two most affected components of the home. So if you’re not prepared for the winter, expect to have serious problems in your plumbing later on.
So when winter is fast approaching, you have to start preparing. If you don’t have the will to do so, just think of the effects and consequences of frozen water in pipes. Not only will it lead to inconvenience, it might also correspond to major damage or destruction in your home. That’s why doing some preventive measures and preparation for the winter is your best shield for your plumbing system, and the good thing is we have here some of the stuff you need to take care of.
Fixing Leaks – Bear in mind that even the smallest leaks will lead to bigger and more serious problems later on, especially when the temperature begins to drop. So find effort and time to check the exposed pipes you have indoors and see if there are any leaks. You can’t wait for the water to freeze before you make your move because more often than not, that’s too late. If your pipes are insulated, feel for any moisture that may have been soaked up by the same insulation and see if there’s a hidden leak somewhere.
Pipe Insulation – A basic but very important preventive measure for the winter is to make sure that every exposed pipe in your plumbing system is well insulated. In order to find the exposed pipes, you have to look in your attic, garage, and crawl space. The moment you see them, make sure they are wrapped in insulation foam. Bear in mind that pipe wrap insulation is very affordable and it’s quite easy to do. By doing it, you save on heating costs while at the same time you keep your pipes protected come winter time.
Evaporative Cooler – A source of water inside that has to be drained right before winter comes is the swamp or evaporative cooler. You have to winterize it in order prevent pipes from freezing. In order to do so, turn off the water as well as the power to the unit. Next, drain the way out of the cooler as well as the water supply line. Likewise, this is the perfect time for you to clean the interior and change the pads. Lastly, cover the swamp cooler using tarp or any cover in order for it to be dry for the entire winter.
Proper Insulation of Pump Houses – Finally, you have to know and realize the importance of proper insulation of the pump houses because it also keeps the pipes from freezing when winter comes. You can provide added protection by insulating the exposed pipes in the pump house, basically similar to what you’re supposed to do in the other exposed pipes. Likewise, you need a heat source to keep the temperature of the pump house above the freezing point.